What Are The Role Of Hospital Pharmacist

 Role Of Hospital Pharmacist

(i) Technical knowledge of drugs and their action

A hospital pharmacist should have thorough knowledge of pharmacology, toxicology, chemistry, route of administration, stability and other information related to drugs. A hospital pharmacist must provide information regarding thee maintenance and handling of drugs. He is always associated with the medical staff so he must be able to provide comparative information, e.g. the data of the drug actions, toxicity and assistance in proper handling of the drugs.

(ii) Ability to organize and develop pharmaceutical manufacturing facility and inventory control

A hospital pharmacist is responsible for the manufacturing and procurement of the drugs utilized in the hospital. Manufacturing within a hospital requires the pharmacist to have control over the supply, quality, equipment and raw material cost. Usually drugs are required in large quantities in big hospitals, which pharmacists may manufacture in the hospital itself or procure from outside sources. He should be able to organize proper manufacturing function by doing proper cost benefit analysis and to evaluate the relative savings that may be possible by manufacturing drugs in large quantities provided cost of labour and maintenance cost are not so high. In order to render such services the hospital pharmacist must have readily available equipments, trained personnel etc. Chief pharmacist has to exercise his duties on inventories of drugs, which are lying at nursing stations, supply rooms and clinical units.

(iii) Administration and management ability

Hospital pharmacist should be able to plan, organize and control various functions of hospital pharmacy. The Chief pharmacist is responsible for planning, organisation directing the pharmacy policies and to control various functions of hospital pharmacy like budgeting, stock control, maintenance of records and preparation of reports. He is responsible for interviewing, selecting and evaluating the staff members for work in pharmacy. Hospital pharmacist must maintain the legal and administrative records properly, should interact with his staff daily and must participate in development of policies relating to charges made for pharmaceutical services.

(iv) Participation in research activity

The pharmacist should have appropriate knowledge of new research and development activities in the pharmaceutical and medical field. The pharmacist must have the basic understanding of scientific methods to evaluate the research activities. The pharmacist should participate or perform research related activities
regarding stabilization, therapeutic effectiveness of drugs, their preservation and usefulness of pharmaceutical preparation.

(v) Conducting teaching training programme

The hospital pharmacist can act as a channel to impart education and conducting training programmes for the nursing staff. He can provide training on various aspects like storage of drugs, dosage forms, and adequate use of the drugs and calculation of dosages. Besides, the Chief pharmacist is responsible for training of the medical staff and pharmacy students. He should keep liasioning with the medical staff to assess their knowledge.

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