Application Of Computers In Pharmacy

Application Of Computers In Pharmacy

Hello Pharmacy Students Welcome to Pharmacy Guide. If you are a Pharmacist or Pharmacy Student then this article was very important for you because in this article we share some important application of computers in pharmacy. There are many application of computers in pharmacy but in this article we share some most important application of computers in pharmacy. So please completely read the article to know details about the application of computers in pharmacy.

Application Of Computers In Pharmacy

Application Of Computers In Pharmacy

(i) Drug information service : 

Computers have become an important tool for pharmacists involved in drug information service. It provides for storage and retrieval of bibliographic and other specialised databases.  CD-ROM technology has helped in the evolution of compact electronic libraries. Micromedex, a pioneer in this effort, provides for a large number of information on drugs, their identification, poisons, emergency medicine etc, on a single compact disk.

(ii) Drug use review :

 Drug use review is a necessary activity to meet the goal of optimum drug therapy besides controlling instances of fraud and patient information misuse. Prescriptions of a particular patient received over a period of time are stored which serves as a chronological patient drug profile.

(iii) In the pharmaceutical industry : 

The pharmaceutical industry has to rely heavily on the market evaluation and reports in order to decide upon the thrust areas in drug research and production. For this reason the available data on the disease state, current medications and population demographics is processed to yield
information on desirable new products. A computer is of immense help in the collection, storage and evaluation of the required information.

Application Of Computers In Pharmacy

(iv) Drug development: 

Computer aided drug design helps the medicinal chemist to design a drug
molecule that is likely to possess the desired pharmacological properties. Molecular models can be generated through graphics and precise study of molecular configuration, chemical bond angles and energies deduced. The interaction of the proposed drug molecule with the active site on an enzyme or receptor can also be evaluated.

(v) Drug evaluation : 

Computers are also useful for storage of relevant results of the pharmacological, toxicological and other studies for
reporting to the Drug Authorities for the approval of a new product.

(vi) Project management: 

Computers are used for project management wherein, information on planning, analysis, scheduling of resources, product formation and design are screened and adopted by the pharmaceutical industry.

(vii) Instrumentation: 

Most ofthe sophisticated instruments are connected to computers. This helps in sampling, adjustment and calibration of the instruments.

Application Of Computers In Pharmacy

(viii) Drug manufacture and quality control:

Software covering the entire process beginning from the procurement and approval of the raw product with complete infomation on every step till the finished product is obtained are now available. Computer programmes are also available on quality control and quality assurance. The software generates worksheets for the analysis of a preparation in accordance with the official requirement and in-house standards. The quality control chemist has simply to insert the observations and values of the test performed. The computer will then calculate the result and compare it with official and in-house standards. On this basis, the sample may be approved or rejected by the quality control department.

(ix) Marketing and distribution:

 Computers are also of immense help in marketing and distribution of pharmaceuticals. This involves processing of orders,dispatch of the material, invoicing, record keeping, billing and post market surveillance.

Application Of Computers In Pharmacy

(x) Hospital pharmacy: 

Computers have greatly reduced the work load of a hospital pharmacist and have improved his eficiency in record keeping and the overall patient care. Some of the areas of application of computers in the hospital are in-patient record database management, entry of medication orders, drug labels, list of preparations manufactured in the pharmacy, drug use reviews, drug consumption, drug cost, drug information service, monitoring of problem associated with drug therapy, drug formulary preparation update and search, purchase and inventory control, vendor list, medication billing, staff requirements with utilization and salaries. Computers in the hospital pharmacy should be linked to
the accounts and purchase section, billing section, central admissions, nursing floors, dietician and the laboratory for effective sharing of data, for tracking new admissions,
discharge information or transfer, for new or changed drug orders and other necessary information meant for streamlining of the working of the hospital.

(xi) Community pharmacy: 

For the community pharmacist, the computer has been of valuable assistance in the prescription processing. The prescription processing system performs a variety of functions like displaying the complete patient information with his complete drug information and patient drug profile to check for drug duplication or to gather information on adverse reactions
to certain drugs for the safe and rational use of drugs. Computers are also used for printing out prescription labels with special warnings and cautions.
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